金桂飘香网

您现在的位置: 首页 > 背井离乡 > 正文内容

学习方法:高考英语作文高大上的用词

来源:金桂飘香网   时间: 2019-03-31

  导语:英语中词汇的恰当运用能为你的作文增色不少。小编整理了作文中常用词汇的替代用法,希望能对大家有所帮助!

  一、动词替换:

  1.Improve 提高:

  (1)Promote: 促进AC之间的贸易promote the trade between A and C; He was promoted to senior manager in this company.

  (2)Advance: our understanding of human genetics has considerably(非常的,可换做vastly)advanced.

  (3)Enhance: the publicity has enhanced his reputation.这次宣传提高了他的名望

  2.change 改变:

  Transform:多指改头换面,完全改变,不能用于形容轻微改变。

  比如用于人口变化方面:the increasingpopulation has transformed the landscape and structure of local industrystructure.人口剧增改变了小镇的景色以及当地的工业结构

  3.Emphasize 强调:

  (1)Highlight:the report highlights the decline in the numbers of native plants and insects.

  (2)Stress: He stresses the need for parents to listen to their children.

  (3)Accentuate: the crisis accentuates the gap between rich and poor.

  (highlight 癫痫病怎样才可以治好and emphasize 的区别:highlight是告诉人们重点,因而能够让别人注意,类似于老师勾重点;而emphasize则是使重点清晰,不管别人是否能注意得到。而stress则和emphasize差不多)

  4.Develop培养:

  (1)Cultivate: cultivate the ability of … ;cultivate a more relaxed and positive waytowards life.

  (2)Nurture: 养育,同样可以指培养人才(talents)the sea nutures ample marine animals.

  5.Break 破坏:

  (1)Impair:损害,削弱。

  (2)Undermine这个词也是指的是抽象意义上的破坏,有逐渐削弱之意,重点是循序渐进的过程:Undermine one’s ability/confidence/authority/position/credibility

  (3)Jeopardize: 破坏,危及。破坏具体一定规模,比如Jeopardize the process of peace.破坏和平进程

  (4)Devastate特指毁灭、蹂躏 the earthquake devastated the whole city.

  6.Keep 保存

  Preserve、Conserve 保护资源用的就是这个词,不要用protect,protect这个词用在保护具体的东西。

  7.deal With解决

  (1)Tackle: tackle the problem.

  (2)Resolve: resolve dispute争论/conflict冲突/problem/issue/crisis危机

  8.need 需要

  中医治疗癫痫病的办法(1)Require:xxx requires courage and confidence.

  (2)call for:跟need一样的用法

  二、形容词替换:

  1.Everywhere 普遍的

  (1)Widespread:

  (2)Prevalent:Drug abuse is especially prevalent among teenagers.

  (3)Overflow:泛滥 the garden is overflew with colors of flowers.

  (4)Rampant: 特指有害的东西泛滥,比如疾病,犯罪等,并且难于控制。H1N1 Virus is rampant in the world.甲流世界泛滥

  2.Good 好的

  Impressive, glorious, amazing,brilliant, incredible, attractive…

  Beneficial(反义词:detrimental):be beneficial to

  Advantageous: 特指有益的。Advantageous industry:优势产业

  3.Harmful 有害的

  Unfavorable, horrible,disgusting

  inhumane: 没人性的

  lousy :讨厌的(I’m fed up with the lousy job.)

  severe :严峻的(severe problem, illness,injuries.)

  abysmal:糟透的(their performance is abysmal.)

  Detrimental: smoking is detrimental治疗癫痫病哪家医院专业 to your health.

  4.Rich 富有的

  Wealthy、Affluent、ample

  There are a myriad of stars in the Milky Way. (银河系好多星星啊!)

  5.Poor 贫穷的

  Impoverished:动词,表示使贫穷( The great depression had impoverished many third world countries.)an impoverished student.

  7.Serious 严重的

  Severe

  8.Obvious 明显的

  (1)Manifest: a manifest error judge明显判断失误;副词形式 Manifestly(a manifestly unfair system.)

  (2)Patent: patent impossibilities. 显然不可能的事。

  (3)Apparent或Evident

  9.cheap 便宜的

  (1)Economical:经济的,不浪费,而不是单纯指某物便宜。经济适用房:economically affordable housing。

  (2)Inexpensive

  (3)Reasonable:价格合理的,Reasonable price

  (4)Affordable:能够支付的。

  三、名词替换:

  1.Forefather 祖先

  Ancestor、Predecessor

  2.Difference不同

  (1)Gap:沟,generation gap代沟

  (癫痫病的治疗方法常见的有哪些2)Distinction: sharp/cleardistinction between allergy and food intolerance

  3.Crime 犯罪

  (1)Delinquency:指道德败坏,违法行为。

  (2)Criminal Act:犯罪行为

  4.Environment 环境

  (1)Circumstance:under the circumstances. 相当抽象的词,“情况”。

  (2)Surrounding:表示周围居住的环境,想当具体。Nearby可与之互换。The surrounding area.用作名词时只能使用得数形式surroundings

  (3)Atmosphere、Ambience:这两个词可替换,但是当atmosphere表示大气层的意思的时候则不能。

  5.Pollution 污染

  Contamination

  6.Human 人类

  Individual/men/ones

  The human race

  human beings

  Humankind

  Humanity:主要用来表示人性。。

  7.Danger 危险

  Hazard:化学、物理危害;隐患:polluted water is a hazard to wild life and nature;safety/nature hazard.

  8.In modern society 在当今社会

  In contemporary society

  In present-day society

  In this day and age

推荐阅读
本类最新

© zw.aquyy.com  金桂飘香网    版权所有  京ICP备12007688号